UNESCO protects the historical centre of Prague Prague is an essential urban monument reservation. The historic core, 866 hectares in size, encompasses the unique city ensemble of the Prague Castle and Hradčany, Malá Strana (Lesser Side) including Karlův most (Charles Bridge), Staré Město (Old Town) with Josefov (the preserved section of the former Jewish town), Nové Město (New Town), Vyšehrad and each of the monuments within these areas. It was included on the UNESCO List in 1992. Each part of the capital city of the Czech Lands – the Lesser Town, the Castle District, the Old and New Towns, was developed from the 10th century onwards. Prague Castle, the Cathedral of St. Vitus and Charles Bridge, many churches and palaces form a magnificent architectural, artistic and spiritual ensemble.